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How is androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) treated?

There are several treatment options that may be used for androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS), depending on each case. Most of the time, girls with AIS are given hormone replacement therapy after they go through puberty. This treatment replaces the estrogen that their bodies don't necessarily produce naturally. If girls with AIS have abnormally located testes (usually somewhere in the abdomen), many choose to have them surgically removed so that they don't develop into cancer. This surgery usually isn't done till after puberty, but in young children with partial AIS who are being raised as females, parents may want to have them removed so they don't cause masculine characteristics to develop. Other surgeries - such as surgery to lengthen the vagina or otherwise adjust genitals - may be an option for people with partial AIS. Treatment is a complicated issue that can have significant psychological effects, so it's important to consider many options before making a decision.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.