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How does dialysis help in the treatment for hyperkalemia?

There are two types of dialysis that can be used for treating hyperkalemia, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Both methods use something other than the kidneys to filter wastes, and in this case, excess potassium, from the blood. For both methods, an access port will need to be made and given time to heal before treatments begin. In an emergency, the surgeon will make an access in the neck or groin until a normal access can be made. Hemodialysis uses a machine to filter the waste and return the filtered blood to the body. Peritoneal dialysis uses the inner lining of the abdomen as a filter and wastes are drained.

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