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How are menstrual problems diagnosed?

Jessica A. Shepherd, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)

Menstrual problems are usually diagnosed by the patient; if there are any major menstrual changes, a woman should consult her doctor. Watch OB/GYN specialist Jessica Shepherd, MD, explain which details are important to share with your gynecologist.


Often, doctors diagnose menstrual problems based on symptoms. For example, if your doctor suspects premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or its severe form, premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), you may be asked to keep a record of your symptoms for two or more menstrual cycles. If your doctor suspects polycystic ovary syndrome - a condition in which cysts form on the ovaries, causing infertility and other problems - you may need a pelvic exam or ultrasound to check for abnormalities, and blood tests to check for hormone imbalances.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.