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Can menstrual problems be prevented?

Kevin W. Windom, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
Yes, menstrual problems can be prevented. The most common menstrual problems are pain with menstrual cycles as well as excessive bleeding. The most common treatment for dysmenorrhea (pain with menstrual cycles) and excessive bleeding is to use oral contraception. Birth control pills will decrease the menstrual flow as well as decrease pelvic pain. Other treatments for menstrual problems are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications to help with cramping and, lastly, some patients will have benefit using the Mirena IUD. This IUD is a progesterone-implanted IUD that many women will have light periods or quit having periods with this IUD in place.

Menstrual problems can be caused by both preventable and non-preventable factors. For example, amenorrhea (absent periods) may result if a woman exercises far too much, and menorrhagia (abnormally heavy periods) can be caused by an intrauterine device (IUD), which are both preventable causes. Both of these conditions can also be caused by certain medications, all of which represent preventable or at least solvable problems. However, both of these disorders can also be caused by diseases and genetic defects that cannot be prevented.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.