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What medical tests should men have?

The medical tests men should have depend on a man's age and risk factors for certain diseases. Some of these tests include sexually transmitted disease testing in sexually active men, cholesterol screening and blood pressure screening. It is important to be established with a healthcare provider who can order these tests when appropraite.
Dr. Michael Roizen, MD
Internal Medicine
The following is a checklist of medical tests for men that should be done yearly, unless otherwise indicated:

At age fifteen, you should get the following:
  • Blood pressure measurement (yearly, or more frequently)
  • A dental exam yearly and teeth cleaning every six months or as indicated
At age twenty-five, you should also get the following:
  • LDL (low-density lipoprotein), also known as bad cholesterol, level (you want it to be less than 100 mg/dl) every five years
  • HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol, also known as good cholesterol, level (you want it to be higher than 45 mg/dl) every five years
  • Fasting triglyceride level (you want it to be less than 100 mg/dl) every five years
  • C-reactive protein, an indicator of inflammation in the body, (you want to test "normal") every five years
  • A screen for diabetes (if you are overweight)
At age thirty, you should continue the tests above and, in addition, get the following:
  • A screen for thyroid disease
  • A test for diabetes and every five years thereafter
At age forty, you should continue the tests above and, in addition, get the following:
  • A Hemoccult, a test for occult (hidden) blood in the feces
  • An eye examination and every three years till age 60, then yearly
At age fifty, you should continue the tests above and, in addition, get the following:
  • A rectal examination for screening for rectal cancer and prostate cancer
  • A colonoscopy (to rule out colon cancer) and every three to five years thereafter
  • A PSA or prostate-specific antigen (a blood test for prostate cancer) and every year thereafter, if you and your doc agree on this course of action and what you will do if you have an abnormal reading
At age sixty, you should continue the tests above and, in addition, get the following:
  • A bone density test
  • A screen for thyroid disease
  • Tests for memory

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.