There are a number of ways to deal with hot flashes during menopause. Try dressing in layers (of cotton, not wool or synthetics), so you can quickly take off a layer of clothing when a hot flash comes on. You can try deep, slow breathing when you get a hot flash. Relaxation techniques you learn through yoga, meditation, or tai chi can help. Keep ice water handy, to drink when you get a hot flash.
Try to figure out what brings on the hot flashes, whether it’s certain drinks (coffee or tea, for example), the weather (maybe it’s hot outside), stress, or certain foods. If you can identify the trigger and avoid it, that might help.
Keep a fan nearby and make sure the temperature in your house or office is cool enough. For hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms, some women find relief by going to an acupuncturist, getting enough exercise, drinking plenty of water, not smoking, and avoiding certain types of foods and drinks (such as spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine). Soy products are good to incorporate into your meals, because they might prevent or decrease hot flashes and other menopause symptoms.
Some women use herbal remedies for their hot flashes as well, though you should discuss this with your doctor first.
You can also talk to your doctor about getting a prescription for hormone replacement therapy (HRT), since hot flashes happen when your sex hormone levels fluctuate. HRT replaces the estrogen (and maybe the progesterone) that your body stops making during menopause. This can help with symptoms of hot flashes.
Not all women are candidates for HRT, however, and the drugs come with a long list of possible side effects. Ask your doctor about the risks and benefits of HRT. Some antidepressants, anti-seizure drugs, blood pressure medicine, and mild sedatives also help with hot flashes. Talk to your doctor about whether those would be appropriate for you.