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What is menopause and how do I know if it has started?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

Menopause is the time in a woman's life when her ovaries stop releasing eggs, she stops having a menstrual cycle, and is no longer fertile. Most women begin menopause in their late 40s or early 50s, but premature menopause can begin during a woman's 30s.

You will know menopause has started by symptoms such as fatigue, hot flashes, night sweats, memory loss and mood swings. Menopause can also cause vaginal dryness, itching, and irritation, and decreased sexual desire.

Symptoms can be managed with estrogen hormone replacement therapy (HRT). However, estrogen therapy may increase your risk of breast and uterine cancer, dementia, and other illnesses.

Talk to your doctor about menopause and what you can expect.

Continue Learning about Menopause Symptoms

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.