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What causes Meniere's disease?

Meniere's disease is caused by a change in inner ear fluid. This happens when a sac that holds one of the inner ear fluids (called endolymph) swells or breaks, letting the endolymph escape into another fluid, the perilymph. Since this inner ear fluid works with the nerves to help keep the body's balance, a change in the inner ear fluid causes the dizziness of Meniere's disease.

However, nobody is sure what causes the inner ear fluid imbalance in the first place. Possibilities include a middle ear infection, a head injury, or syphilis. Genes may be a factor.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.