What is uveal melanoma?

Uveal melanomais a type of cancer that affects the middle layer of the eye, called the uvea or the uveal tract. This type of cancer can form in any part of the uveal tract, but it generally starts in the cells that make melanin, which is the protective pigment that gives eyes their color. The symptoms and severity of uveal melanoma vary depending on which part of the eye is affected. Uveal melanoma is relatively rare, but it's actually the most common kind of eye cancer.

Continue Learning about Melanoma


The most serious type of skin cancer, melanoma affects the cells that give our skin its color. Although it can spread easily, it is curable when treated early.This cancer forms when the cells that make melanin grow abnormally or d...

o not die when they should. These cells, called melanocytes, are found in our skin’s outer layer. Melanoma typically begins in a mole or birthmark but can form in other tissues with pigmentation, such as your eye. When melanoma develops in the eye, it is called Intraocular Melanoma. Protect yourself by avoiding overexposure from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Stay vigilant of any changes in your skin, especially if you have the skin disease Xeroderma pigmentosum, which makes you sensitive to light. You are also more likely to develop melanoma if someone in your family has been previously diagnosed with this specific type of cancer.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.