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What are the treatment options for stage 2 melanoma?

The first stage of treatment for stage 2 melanoma is usually surgical removal of the mole or growth and the surrounding tissue. Stage 2 melanoma has started to spread from the epidermis, or topmost layer of skin, through the next layer of skin. Because the cancer has begun to spread, doctors will usually remove the entire growth and about 2 centimeters of surrounding tissue, including the fat and the tissue lining the muscle below. After the initial removal, doctors may recommend several other procedures. Doctors may remove and analyze the surrounding lymph nodes to determine whether the cancer has spread to surrounding areas. In some cases, other treatments like chemotherapy or other medications may be recommended in case cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body. Follow-up treatment, including yearly check-ups to make sure the melanoma hasn't returned or spread, is also extremely important.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.