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How do medications treat amelanotic melanoma?

Medications aren't generally used as a first line of treatment for amelanotic melanoma. Usually, amelanotic melanoma is treated with surgery to remove the skin growth and surrounding tissue. If the cancer has spread, doctors may decide to use medications in the form of chemotherapy to treat later stages of amelanotic melanoma. Chemotherapy medications are strong drugs taken orally or intravenously to help kill cancerous cells that may have spread throughout the body. Newer drugs such as vemurafenib and dabrafenib are personalized medicines that block the mutated BRAF gene in melanoma. Another treatment, immunotherapy, involves drugs called checkpoint inhibitors that can block the molecule cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen and help the immune system target cancer cells.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.