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How is medullary thyroid cancer diagnosed?

Physicians typically diagnose medullary thyroid cancer with a test to measure the level of serum calcitonin in the body. Calcitonin is produced by C-cells in the thyroid gland. If the level is high, your doctor may suspect medullary thyroid cancer. Other tests include a biopsy of the thyroid gland, which is when cells are removed through a needle and tested for cancer; a scan of the thyroid gland; and genetic testing. Your doctor will also perform a physical examination to check for swelling or lumps in the neck.

Continue Learning about Medullary Thyroid Cancer

How common is medullary thyroid cancer?
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Medullary thyroid cancer accounts for about three percent of all the people diagnosed with thyroid c...
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How do medications treat medullary thyroid cancer?
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Medullary thyroid cancer is typically not treated with medications. This form of cancer is treated w...
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How do I care for someone with medullary thyroid cancer?
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Caring for someone with medullary thyroid cancer depends on what stage they are in the illness. Peop...
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Is there a cure for medullary thyroid cancer?
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There is currently no cure for medullary thyroid cancer. The disease is treated by removing the thyr...
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.