Medicaid covers a broad range of services to meet the complex needs of the populations it serves, particularly the elderly and people with disabilities. Because Medicaid beneficiaries have limited financial resources, cost-sharing is limited and not permitted for children and pregnant women.
State Medicaid programs must cover the following:
- Inpatient and outpatient hospital services
- Physician, midwife & certified nurse practitioner services
- Laboratory and x-ray fees
- Nursing home and home health care
- Early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment (EPSDT) for children under 21
- Family planning
- Rural health clinics/federally qualified health centers
States have the authority to cover additional, optional services and receive federal matching funds.