Lung Disease and Respiratory System

Lung Disease and Respiratory System

Lung Disease and Respiratory System
Diseases, pollutants and genetics can affect your respiratory health. The simple cold - which is caused by more than 200 different viruses - inflames the upper respiratory tract, resulting in a cough, runny nose and sneezing. A more severe cough combined with mucus is a sign of bronchitis, where the membranes lining the bronchial tubes become inflamed. The inflammatory lung disease asthma affects more than 20 million people, making airways constrict when exposed to irritants like dust, pet dander and cigarette smoke. Pneumonia, another inflammation of the lungs, can occur because of a bacterial or viral infection. People suffering from cystic fibrosis, an inherited lung disease, frequently battle bacterial infections and airways clogged with thick and sticky mucus.

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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    If your cough is accompanied by mucus, it’s classified as a wet cough. Look for a syrup or pill with an expectorant, which thins the mucus, clears your airways, and quiets the cough. Choose a product containing the ingredient guaifenesin. Take the recommended dosage with a glass of water to help get rid of congestion and lubricate the throat.
    This content originally appeared on doctoroz.com
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    Call 911 or go to the hospital emergency room for:
    • A baby who can't eat, drink, or cry because of coughing
    • Trouble speaking more than 4 or 5 words at a time because of coughing
    • Chest pain that goes up to the neck, arm, or jaw
    • Passing out
    • A lot of trouble breathing
    • Coughing up blood or pink, foamy mucus
    These may be signs of a serious problem. Get medical help right away!
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    Call your doctor if:
    • your cough is not improving after a few weeks
    • you cough up blood
    • you have other symptoms with your cough that concern you
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    Here are some things to know and try to help treat a cough:
    • Stay away from smoke. Smoke irritates your lungs and airways. If you smoke, stop. If someone in your family smokes, make them go outside to smoke.
    • Drink enough liquid. Water can help loosen mucus. Drinking plenty of water makes it easier to cough up and get rid of mucus.
    • Sleep with your head raised. Using an extra pillow to raise your head a little may help your cough.
    • Suck on cough drops or hard candy. But do not give these to children under 5 years old, because they can choke.
    • Try honey. But do not give honey to children under 1 year old.
    • Talk with a doctor or pharmacist about what medicines may help your symptoms. You can get some medicines at a pharmacy or grocery store without a prescription. Do not give cough medicine to children under 2 years old.
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    People cough for many different reasons -- and there are many different types of coughs. Here are a few types you can have:
    • A cough with mucus. Your cough may bring up globs of sticky fluid called mucus. The mucus may be clear, yellow, green, or tan.
    • A dry cough. A dry cough doesn't bring up mucus. It may start with a tickly feeling.
    • A cough with a noise. You can have a cough that sounds like a seal barking. Or, you can have a cough with wheezing. Wheezing is a whistling sound when you breathe in or out.
    • A cough that lasts for weeks or months. Some coughs last a long time. You may cough throughout the day or just at night. Or, you may cough only when you do certain things (like exercise) or during certain times of the year. If you go to the doctor or clinic because of your cough, the doctor may ask which type of cough you have. Your answer may help the doctor know what's causing your cough.
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    Coughing is how your body clears your lungs and airways. Coughing can also be a response to something that irritates your throat or airways. Sudden cough in babies or young children may mean they swallowed something that went into their windpipe. Usually, a cough is not harmful and will go away by itself. But sometimes it's a sign of an illness that needs treatment. Rarely, coughing warns of a dangerous problem that requires medical help right away.
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    Bronchitis and pneumonia: The common cold poses a risk for bronchitis and pneumonia in nursing home patients and other people who may be susceptible to infection. Some experts believe that the rhinovirus may play a more significant role than the flu in causing lower respiratory infections in such individuals.

    Bronchiolitis: Bronchiolitis is an infection of the airways of the lungs and usually occurs in young children between three and six months of age. RSV causes more than half of all bronchiolitis cases.

    Cough complications: Patients may develop headache, dizziness, and fractured ribs from a chronic cough.

    Lung cancer: Patients may have an increased risk of developing lung cancer if they have asbestosis. Additionally, both asbestosis and smoking put patients at an even higher risk for cancer.

    Untreated strep throat: Untreated strep throat may lead to serious complications such as glomerulonephritis (kidney disorder) and rheumatic fever (a potentially life-threatening illness that may damage the heart valves).

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



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    Smoking is one of the leading risk factors for developing a cough and other respiratory disorders. Additionally, women tend to have more sensitive cough reflexes making them more likely to develop a cough. Exposure to allergens such as dust and pollen may make a person more susceptible to developing a cough.

    Children who are five years old or younger or who were born prematurely are more likely to develop croup (a disease of infants and young children characterized by harsh coughing, hoarseness, fever, and difficult breathing).

    People most at risk for developing asbestosis (scarring of the lungs that results in difficulty breathing) include those who have had at least 10 years of moderate to severe exposure to asbestos, such as workers involved in mining, milling, manufacturing, or installation of asbestos products.

    Viral infections are the main cause of colds. They include: rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, adenoviruses, echoviruses, respiratory syncytial viruses (RSV), and coxsackieviruses, which can infect the upper respiratory system. Although over 100 different viruses may cause colds, 30-50% of colds are caused by rhinoviruses.

    The majority of patients hospitalized for RSV are under six months of age. For infants and children born prematurely (35 weeks gestation or less), RSV may cause serious respiratory tract disease or even death.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



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    Respiratory illnesses are conditions affecting the upper respiratory tract, producing symptoms mainly in the nose and throat. Upper respiratory infections include conditions such as colds, laryngitis, pharyngitis, rhinitis, and sinusitis. Additionally, respiratory conditions include infections of the lower respiratory tract, which may affect the windpipe, airways, and lungs. Lower respiratory tract infections include conditions such as asbestosis, asthma, and sarcoidosis.

    The respiratory system consists of organs that process air in the body, including the nose, throat, and lungs. The nose is the entrance to the respiratory tract. The throat is the hollow tube inside the neck that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus (the tube that goes to the stomach). The lungs are the organs that make it possible for people to breathe; their principal function is to transport oxygen from the atmosphere into the bloodstream and to release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere.

    During a normal day, the average person breathes nearly 25,000 times, taking in large amounts of air. According to the American Lung Association, approximately 342,000 Americans die from lung diseases each year; lung disease is the number three cause of death in the United States, responsible for one in seven deaths.

    Many factors, including genetics, pollutants and irritants, and infectious diseases, may affect the health of the respiratory system.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



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    General: Mountain sickness is typically diagnosed if the patient was exposed to high altitudes and experiences symptoms that are characteristic of the disorder. If the patient is dizzy, fatigued, has a headache, and decreased appetite, acute mountain sickness (AMS) is diagnosed. If the patient has difficulty breathing, has a wet cough with frothy sputum, and makes gurgling sounds when breathing, high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is diagnosed. If the patient has symptoms of an altered mental state, such as confusion and loss of coordination, high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is diagnosed. High altitude retinal hemorrhage (HARH) is diagnosed if the patient has blurred vision or bleeding in the eyes. In some cases, tests may need to be performed to confirm a diagnosis or measure the severity of organ damage.

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan: If a patient has HACE, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain may be performed to confirm that the brain is swollen. During the procedure, which is performed at the hospital, a machine takes pictures of the brain.

    Ophthalmoscopy: Patients who experience blurred vision should visit their eye doctors. The doctor will use a hand-help instrument, called an ophthalmoscope, to view the eye. If bleeding is present, high altitude retinal hemorrhage (HARH) is diagnosed.

    Physical examination: The healthcare provider may hear crackling noises in the patient's lungs when he/she breathes. This indicates that there is fluid in the lungs and the patient has pulmonary edema.

    Pulse oximetry: A pulse oximetry test may be performed to determine how much oxygen is in the blood. During this painless procedure, a special clip is placed on the finger, earlobe, or toe. This clip passes two light waves through the skin to measure the amount of oxygen in the blood. Healthy individuals have oxygen saturation between 95% and 99%. Patients with oxygen levels lower than 95% are diagnosed with mountain sickness.

    X-ray: A chest X-ray may show fluid filling in the lungs, which is characteristic of HAPE.

    You should read product labels, and discuss all therapies with a qualified healthcare provider. Natural Standard information does not constitute medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.



    For more information visit https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/