What are the causes of cirrhosis?

There are many causes of cirrhosis of the liver, including:

  • drinking alcohol heavily during one's life
  • hepatitis virus
  • nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition of the liver

Cirrhosis has various causes. In the United States, heavy alcohol consumption and chronic hepatitis C have been the most common causes of cirrhosis. Obesity is becoming a common cause of cirrhosis, either as the sole cause or in combination with alcohol, hepatitis C, or both. Many people with cirrhosis have more than one cause of liver damage.

Cirrhosis is not caused by trauma to the liver or other acute, or short-term, causes of damage. Usually, years of chronic injury are required to cause cirrhosis.

This answer is based on source information from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Continue Learning about Liver Disease

The Danger of a Fatty Meal
The Danger of a Fatty Meal
King Henry VIII is renowned for having six wives, two of whom he executed. But he is also an infamous glutton. He expanded the kitchens at Hampton Cou...
Read More
Can non-alcoholic fatty liver disease cause cirrhosis?
Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhDDr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
In non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), fat builds up in the liver and eventually causes cirrh...
More Answers
How is nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) treated?
St Francis Medical CenterSt Francis Medical Center
The treatment of choice for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is lifestyle modification. For example,...
More Answers
Can you develop liver disease if you don't drink alcohol?
Dr. Julia J. Wattacheril, MDDr. Julia J. Wattacheril, MD
Although drinking alcohol excessively can cause liver disease and damage, you can develop liver dise...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.