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How does chronic myelogenous leukemia affect the body?

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), also called chronic myeloid leukemia, can cause blood stem cells to make too many wrong blood cells and not enough normal blood cells. The body does not have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen, which can cause tiredness and shortness of breath. CML can also cause the body to not having enough platelets, which means cuts bleed more and bruising happens easily.

And if the wrong cells settle in the spleen, you may have a swollen, painful abdomen, and feel full even after eating a small amount of food. CML can also cause fever, sweating at night and weight loss.

Chronic myelogenous leukemia disrupts the normal balance of blood cells in the body, triggering a variety of secondary effects. Over time, cancer cells begin to crowd out healthy cells in the blood; a reduced count of red blood cells can lead to anemia, in which you feel tired and worn out all the time. Reduced number of platelets leads to less blood clotting and easier bleeding and bruising. Higher levels of diseased white blood cells means there are fewer healthy white blood cells to defend the body from infection, leading to higher chances of catching other diseases. Diseased cells can also build up in the spleen, causing the spleen to swell up dramatically, leading to a feeling of being full all the time as it presses against the stomach.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.