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What is end-stage kidney disease?

End-stage kidney disease occurs when about 85-90% of kidney function has been lost. People with kidney failure may experience nausea, vomiting, weakness, fatigue, confusion, difficulty concentrating and loss of appetite. It can be diagnosed by blood and urine tests.
End stage kidney disease is when the kidneys are so damaged (by disease, drugs, or other causes) that they are no longer functioning or are having a minimal capacity to function. This requires people to be on dialysis and medications to perform the function of the kidney.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.