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How are obesity and chronic kidney disease treated?

In order to treat obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD), people should focus on three areas: healthy diet, physical activity and adequate sleep.

In terms of diet, obese individuals should focus on eating smaller portions and drinking water rather than sugary drinks. Because excess protein increases the kidneys' workload, you should consume the recommended amount of protein: 0.8 grams per kilogram (g/kg) of body weight. Most Americans have too much sodium in their diet. A healthy diet should include no more than 1500-2000mg of sodium per day An example of a diet that is healthy and low-salt is the DASH diet.

Physical activity is essential for healthy weight reduction. Exercise increases energy expenditure, promotes weight loss and helps sustain a healthy weight. The goal to work towards is 2.5 hours of moderate-intensity exercise a week. This is usually spread out over the week in intervals of 20-30 minutes at a time, or even less.

Adequate sleep promotes maintenance of a healthy weight. Most people require about seven hours of sleep each night. Many studies suggest that irregular sleep patterns, eating before going to sleep and short sleep duration are all linked to obesity.

Healthy lifestyle and an environment promoting healthy eating and physical activity will help in the prevention and treatment of obesity which in turn can reduce the risk of CKD as well as heart disease and diabetes.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.