What are the symptoms of kidney disease?

Leg swelling, high blood pressure and protein in the urine are a few symptoms of kidney disaese, says Rajdeep Gahd, MD, of Westside Medical Center. Learn more about identifying kidney disease in this video.
Kidney disease develops over a long time and often has no symptoms in the early stages. When symptoms appear, they may include such things as fatigue, itching and dry skin, headaches, weight loss, loss of appetite and nausea. "By the time the patient is aware of symptoms, usually the disease has progressed to the point where there is not much the doctor can offer except for dialysis or the hope of transplant,” said David Hoffman, MD, a nephrologist on the staffs of Baptist, South Miami and Homestead Hospitals.

Kidney disease symptoms usually don't appear until the disease has progressed. When children have kidney disease, symptoms may include slow growth, vomiting, back pain, side pain, and high blood pressure.

Doctors often notice kidney problems in regular check-ups. Low red blood cell count, proteinuria (abnormal protein amounts in urine), or hematuria (blood in the urine) are symptoms of kidney disease in adults and children. Blood and urine tests can help diagnose kidney disease before symptoms that indicate serious help problems begin to appear.

Some symptoms that may appear at later stages of kidney disease include a change in urination frequency, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, itchy or numb sensations, swelling hands and feet, difficulty concentrating, muscle cramps, and skin darkening.

Continue Learning about Kidney Disease Symptoms

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.