What are the treatment options for stage 2 kidney cancer?

Treatment options for stage 2 kidney cancer are usually localized since the cancer hasn't yet spread past the kidneys. The most common treatment for stage 2 kidney cancer is surgery. The type of surgery depends on the size of the tumor. In some cases, if the tumor is small, doctors may perform a partial nephrectomy, which involves removing the tumor and a small bit of nearby kidney tissue. In most cases of stage 2 kidney cancer, the tumor is larger and doctors must perform a nephrectomy, which involves removing the entire kidney.

If surgery can't be done for some reason, doctors may perform other procedures, including cryoablation (using a needle to freeze cancer cells) or radiofrequency ablation (using an electric current through a needle to kill cancer cells). In some cases, doctors may recommend arterial embolization, which involves blocking the kidney's blood flow in order to shrink the tumor. Clinical trials and other treatment options may be available, depending on each individual case. Talk with your doctor to determine what treatment options are best for you.

Continue Learning about Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer

Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer

Uncommon in individuals under the age of 45, renal cell carcinoma affects our bodys natural filtration system, the kidneys.The most common type of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma typically begins as a small tumor that grows la...

rger over time. Although the cancer doesnt always cause immediate symptoms, see your doctor immediately if you notice blood in your urine, a key warning sign called hematuria. Although 3 other kidney cancers exist, renal cell carcinoma accounts for 9 out of 10 cases. You have a higher risk of developing a kidney cancer if you have an advanced kidney disease or a family history of kidney cancer, are exposed to certain chemicals like asbestos or have certain genetic conditions. Kidney cancer is often found by accident; this is because tumors can grow large without causing symptoms and small tumors can be difficult to see in CT scans or MRIs. Still, if youre at risk for this cancer, a CT scan or MRI may help a doctor catch the cancer early.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.