What are the treatment options for stage 1 kidney cancer?

Because stage 1 kidney cancer hasn't yet spread throughout the body, treatment options usually focus on localized treatment. The most common treatment for stage 1 kidney cancer is surgery. Since tumors caused by stage 1 cancer are usually still small, doctors may perform a partial nephrectomy. This type of surgery involves removing only the tumor and a small part of the surrounding tissue. In some cases, doctors may perform a simple nephrectomy, which involves removing the entire kidney. Generally, stage 1 kidney cancer doesn't require the removal of any lymph nodes or the adrenal glands since it hasn't yet spread.

If surgery is too risky, doctors may perform other procedures, including arterial embolization, which involves blocking the blood flow to your kidney in order to shrink the tumor. Other treatment options, like cryoablation (using a needle to freeze cancer cells) or radiofrequency ablation (using an electric current through a needle to kill cancer cells), may be recommended. Talk with your doctor to determine what treatment options are best for you.

Continue Learning about Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer

Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer

Uncommon in individuals under the age of 45, renal cell carcinoma affects our bodys natural filtration system, the kidneys.The most common type of kidney cancer, renal cell carcinoma typically begins as a small tumor that grows la...

rger over time. Although the cancer doesnt always cause immediate symptoms, see your doctor immediately if you notice blood in your urine, a key warning sign called hematuria. Although 3 other kidney cancers exist, renal cell carcinoma accounts for 9 out of 10 cases. You have a higher risk of developing a kidney cancer if you have an advanced kidney disease or a family history of kidney cancer, are exposed to certain chemicals like asbestos or have certain genetic conditions. Kidney cancer is often found by accident; this is because tumors can grow large without causing symptoms and small tumors can be difficult to see in CT scans or MRIs. Still, if youre at risk for this cancer, a CT scan or MRI may help a doctor catch the cancer early.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.