How is stage 4 kidney cancer different from other stages of kidney cancer?

Kidney cancer, like other types of cancer, can be categorized according to its stages. Stage 4 kidney cancer is the fourth and final stage in the development of kidney cancer. At this stage, the tumor can be of any size, but it's often larger than the tumors of earlier stages. As opposed to earlier stages, in stage 4 kidney cancer the cancer has spread beyond the kidney. Usually, stage 4 kidney cancer has spread to veins, lymph nodes, or distant organs. Because of these differences, stage 4 kidney cancer is has a much worse prognosis and a much lower survival rate than earlier stages of kidney cancer.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.