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How does stage 4 kidney cancer affect the body?

At first, stage 4 kidney cancer affects only the kidney cells (renal cells). It's believed that the cancer begins when the DNA for those cells is somehow damaged, which leads to an overgrowth of cells that form a tumor on the kidney. In stage 4 kidney cancer, the tumor can be of any size, but it's often very large and can cause problems within the kidney. At this point, the cancer has also spread past the kidney and into the adrenal gland, major veins, lymph nodes, and distant organs.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.