What are the symptoms of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in infants?


There are 3 classic symptoms associated with respiratory distress syndrome:

  • Intracostal retractions as the infant uses accessory muscles to support the work of ventilation
  • Grunting as the epiglottis attempts to keep air in the lungs
  • Nasal flaring as the infant attempts to take in additional air.

Later signs of the infant's deteriorating condition include a change in the respiratory rate and apnea and the presence of cyanosis, especially around the oral area.

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