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The National Institutes of Health (NIH) released a study showing that half of all bladder cancers in both men and women can be prevented by not smoking. Smoking-related bladder cancers have been rising in incidence in women, which the NIH attributes to "greater prevalence of smoking among women."
A survey in Obstetrics & Gynecology showed that women who smoke are about three times more likely than non-smokers to suffer from intense feelings that they need to urinate (called "urinary urgency") and above-normal frequency of urination. These bladder symptoms, while not life-threatening, can nonetheless be bothersome. They can also disrupt sleep, and sleep deprivation has a range of negative effects on mood, energy, attention span, and your immune system.
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