What are the most common symptoms of autoimmune diseases?

Hoyee Chan, MD
Internal Medicine

Autoimmune disease composes of many different diseases with many different symptoms manifestation, some of the common autoimmune diseases are

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Scleroderma
  • Sjogren
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Graves' disease
  • Mixed connective tissue disease
  • Type I diabetes

The most common symptoms that are suggestive of autoimmune diseases are fatigue, multiple joints pain, dry eyes, dry mouth, and sun sensitivity with facial redness......etc.

There are more than 80 types of autoimmune diseases. If you are having symptoms that bother you, you need to persist to make sure you get relief. Below are descriptions of some common autoimmune diseases.

Symptoms and Tests of Diseases to help find out if you have it:

Hashimoto's thyroiditis (underactive thyroid)

Tiredness Depression Sensitivity to cold Weight gain Muscle weakness and cramps Dry hair Tough skin Constipation Sometimes there are no symptoms Blood test for thyroid stimulating hormone (tsh)

Graves' disease (overactive thyroid) insomnia (not able to sleep)

Irritability Weight loss without dieting Heat sensitivity Sweating Fine brittle hair Weakness in your muscles Light menstrual periods Bulging eyes Shaky hands Sometimes there are no symptoms Blood test for thyroid stimulating hormone (tsh)

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Weakness and trouble with coordination, balance, speaking, and walking Paralysis Tremors Numbness and tingling feeling in arms, legs, hands, and feet Exam of your body Exam of your brain, spinal cord, and nerves (neurological exam) X-ray tests (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] and magnetic resonance spectroscopy [MRS]) Other tests on the brain and spinal cord fluid to look for things linked to these diseases

Rheumatoid arthritis inflammation begins in the tissue lining your joints and then spreads to the whole joint (hand joints are the most common site, but it can affect most joints in the body)

Muscle pain Deformed joints Weakness Fatigue Loss of appetite Weight loss Becoming confined to bed in severe cases Blood tests may show that you have anemia (when your body does not have enough red blood cells) and an antibody called rheumatoid factor (rf). (some people with rf never get this disease, and others with the disease never have rf.)

This answer is based on source information from the National Women's Health Information Center.

Continue Learning about Immune & Lymphatic System Disorders

What can cause an acquired immunodeficiency?
Anthony L. Komaroff, MDAnthony L. Komaroff, MD
Acquired immunodeficiencies can result from an infection by a virus or other germ, or from certa...
More Answers
What are paraneoplastic syndromes?
Riverside Center for NeurosciencesRiverside Center for Neurosciences
Paraneoplastic syndromes are a group of rare disorders that are triggered by an abnormal immune syst...
More Answers
What are flares?
Riverside Women's HealthRiverside Women's Health
Symptoms of autoimmune diseases can come and go, ranging in how bad they are, or all go away for...
More Answers
What Is Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric OCD?
What Is Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric OCD?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.