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What is congenital hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus is the accumulation of fluids in the brain. Learn more from Michael Seiff, MD, in neurosurgery with Sunrise Hospital in this video.

Congenital hydrocephalus is a swelling in the brain caused by the presence of too much fluid. People with congenital hydrocephalus are born with the condition, likely because something went wrong while they were still a fetus or because of a genetic abnormality that they inherited from one or both parents. In children with congenital hydrocephalus, cerebrospinal fluid, which is a fluid that is necessary for the normal functioning of the brain and spinal cord, builds up in the brain because it is not flowing normally or is being overproduced by the child's body. Hydrocephalus is a serious birth defect and can injure the brain or cause other complications.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.