What are the symptoms of infant hydrocephalus?

In infants (i.e. – persons less than one year of age) the signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus are:

  • Rapid increase in head circumference
  • Unusually large head
  • Vomiting
  • Sleepiness
  • Irritability
  • Downward deviation of the eyes known as “sun-setting”
  • Seizures.

Because the infant’s skull the sutures or fibrous joints that connect the bones of the skull and the fontanels have not closed. Therefore the infant’s skull can expand to accommodate the accumulating cerebral-spinal fluid without signs of increased intercranial pressure.  Thus a rapid increase in head circumference and bulging fontanel’s are often the first signs of hydrocephalus in infants.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.