What is hydrocephalus and how is it related to spina bifida?

Hydrocephalus occurs when cerebrospinal fluid, the clear liquid that surrounds the spinal cord and brain, builds up in the brain. The condition occurs in spina bifida when the brainstem and cerebellum are pushed down into the spinal canal. Hydrocephalus puts pressure on the brain and can cause permanent damage. Hydrocephalus is treated by the placement of a draining tube from the brain into the body which reduces the pressure on the brain. 

Continue Learning about Hydrocephalus

Can surgery for congenital hydrocephalus cause complications?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Surgery for congenital hydrocephalus usually involves the insertion of a device called a shunt into ...
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What is hydrocephalus in elderly people?
John H. Growdon, MDJohn H. Growdon, MD
Hydrocephalus ("water on the brain") is an excess of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain. Typic...
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What is the rate of incidence for congenital hydrocephalus?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Approximately 1 in every 500 children born in the United States has hydrocephalus, and about half of...
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How common is hydrocephalus?
Aria Fallah, MDAria Fallah, MD
Hydrocephalus occurs in two out of every 1,000 births in the United States. It is not known how many...
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