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What are the cholesterol lowering medications?

Currently, there are medications from five major classes of drugs to treat people with unhealthy lipid levels, as well as medications that combine drugs from the different classes. Each has a different mechanism of action and modifies blood lipids to varying degrees. The five classes are divided into the following categories:
  • HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins)
  • Lipid lowering therapies (niacin, fibric acid derivatives, etc.)
  • Bile acid binding resins
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors
  • PCSK9 inhibitors (monoclonal antibodies)

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.