Hepatitis Basics
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Hepatitis Basics

Did you know Hepatitis C is the most common bloodborne infection in the U.S.? Test your smarts about all types of viral hepatitis.

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Hepatitis Basics
Hepatitis Basics
Question 1 of 20 Correct

Which hepatitis infection is the most common bloodborne infection in the United States?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States, affecting approximately 3.2 million people.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 2 of 20 Correct

Which of these can cause hepatitis (liver inflammation)?

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The correct answer is: All of the above. There are five main causes of hepatitis: viral infections and autoimmune disorders and disease, drug overdose, exposure to toxins and alcohol consumption. Depending upon the cause, symptoms can last from a few days to months (acute hepatitis) or grow progressively worse (chronic hepatitis).

Hepatitis Basics
Question 3 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a symptom of hepatitis?

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The correct answer is: All of the above. Symptoms also include fatigue, brownish urine, vomiting and discomfort in the upper right abdomen. Symptoms of hepatitis can last for weeks or months.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 4 of 20 Correct

True or false: Hepatitis can cause serious liver damage and even liver cancer.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Both hepatitis B and hepatitis C can cause liver cancer and have contributed to the increase in rates of liver cancer in recent decades. At least half of new cases of liver cancer are from chronic hepatitis C.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 5 of 20 Correct

Which of the following is true of hepatitis A?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Hepatitis A accounts for up to 25 percent of all hepatitis cases in developed countries. That's because hepatitis A is often transmitted through unclean food and water, so in countries with proper sanitation, hepatitis A is relatively rare. Hepatitis A infection usually clears up within a few weeks, although it could last up to six months or more. The good news: You can be infected only once in a lifetime.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 6 of 20 Correct

How many people worldwide are infected with hepatitis B?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) is a global problem with more than 350 million people affected worldwide. Many of the 1.4 million Americans with chronic HBV have emigrated from endemic areas.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 7 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a true statement regarding hepatitis B?

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The correct answer is: Hepatitis B is a contagious viral infection of the liver spread by contact with bodily fluids. Most infections are acute lasting only weeks. There is no cure for hepatitis B.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 8 of 20 Correct

True or false: Hepatitis B infection in children younger than 5 years old will likely become a chronic infection.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. About 90 percent of infants and 30 percent of children younger than 5 years old who become infected with hepatitis B will stay chronically infected. In contrast, about 95 percent of those infected as adults will completely recover and not become chronically ill.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 9 of 20 Correct

Who should get the hepatitis B vaccine?

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The correct answer is: All of the above. The hepatitis B vaccine is recommended for all infants at birth and for adults who may be at increased risk.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 10 of 20 Correct

True or false: Hepatitis B can be successfully treated with antiviral drugs.

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The correct answer is: This is true. Antiviral medicines work by keeping the virus from spreading. Treatment may prevent or decrease more swelling and damage to the liver, but cannot completely rid the virus.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 11 of 20 Correct

Which type of hepatitis is most likely to be spread through sexual contact?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, among adults in the United States, hepatitis B is most commonly spread through sexual contact. In fact, Hepatitis B is 50–100 times more infectious than HIV and can be passed through the exchange of body fluids, such as semen, vaginal fluids, and blood.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 12 of 20 Correct

True or false: A person with hepatitis C may have no symptoms until liver damage occurs.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Most people have no symptoms until the virus causes liver damage, which can take 10 or more years. Hepatitis C infection causes symptoms in only 15 percent of patients.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 13 of 20 Correct

Which of these behaviors puts you at risk of getting hepatitis C?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Hepatitis C is transmitted via bodily fluids. Sharing a toothbrush or razor can put you at risk of infection. Sexual contact with persons of unknown hepatitis C status is also a risky behavior.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 14 of 20 Correct

Which of these tests might be used to diagnose hepatitis C?

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The correct answer is: Blood tests are used to diagnose hepatitis C. The blood is tested for hepatitis C antibodies and the amount of virus present in the body.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 15 of 20 Correct

Which of these activities have the highest risk of hepatitis C infection?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Most infections with hepatitis C are the result of contact with dirty needles, tattoos, or body piercing (53 percent). Sexual promiscuity accounts for 10 percent of infections and previously risky behavior 25 percent. Only 3 percent are due to blood transfusions or dialysis. Two percent are associated with being a healthcare worker. Seven percent are of unknown origin.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 16 of 20 Correct

Why are Baby Boomers particularly at risk for chronic hepatitis C infections?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Baby Boomers are at risk because hepatitis C transmission rates were high during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, partly because of blood transfusions, organ transplants and recreational use of injection drugs before the virus was identified in 1989.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 17 of 20 Correct

True or false: There is a vaccine for hepatitis C.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. There is no vaccine but infected people can receive therapy that will usually clear the virus from their system about two-thirds of the time.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 18 of 20 Correct

What are the odds of contracting hepatitis from a blood transfusion?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The odds of contracting viral hepatitis from a blood transfusion are about 1 in 100. If you're stuck with a contaminated needle, the risk is 1 in 4 for hepatitis.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 19 of 20 Correct

True or false: There is no cure for hepatitis C.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Better anti-viral medications approved in recent years have made a cure (meaning the virus is not detectable in the blood for six months or more) possible for many people. In fact, in certain groups, cure rates are approaching 100%.

Hepatitis Basics
Question 20 of 20 Correct

True or false: A transplanted liver can be infected by an existing hepatitis infection.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. It is possible to experience a recurrence of the virus after a liver transplant. Fortunately, antiviral therapy can protect the new liver against hepatitis B recurrence in nearly all cases.

Hepatitis Basics
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Hepatitis

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a liver disease and can cause jaundice, aches in joints and muscles, fatigue, and loss of appetite. Some kinds of hepatitis will last only a short while, but others may take years of treatment or monitoring. Learn mor...

e about hepatitis from our experts.
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