Who should receive the hepatitis vaccine?

All pregnant women in the United States should be screened for hepatitis B. If infected, the baby will need to receive specific hepatitis B immune globulin and be vaccinated at birth.

For hepatitis A, vaccination is recommended for the following people:

  • Children age 1 or who did not receive the vaccination at age 1
  • Travelers to areas with increased rates of hepatitis A
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Injecting and non-injecting illicit drug users
  • People with chronic liver disease
  • Healthcare workers, such as medical, dental, surgical and other

Vaccination against hepatitis B is also recommended for:

  • All infants, starting with the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine at birth
  • All children under age 19 who have not been vaccinated
  • People whose sex partners have hepatitis B
  • Sexually active people who are not in long-term mutually monogamous relationships
  • Anyone diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Injection drug users
  • Household contacts of chronically infected persons
  • Healthcare and public safety workers at risk for contact with contaminated blood or bodily fluids
  • People with end-stage renal disease
  • Residents and staff of facilities for developmentally disabled persons
  • People with chronic liver disease
  • Travelers to areas with moderate or high rates of hepatitis B infection
  • People with HIV infection
  • Anyone who wishes to be protected against hepatitis B

This content originally appeared on

Stacy Wiegman, PharmD
Pharmacy Specialist

Hepatitis A vaccine is intended for adults and children to protect against hepatitis A virus infection. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices for the CDC has recommended that all children be vaccinated against hepatitis A virus during the year between 12 and 24 months of age. Anyone traveling to an area with high rates of hepatitis A should receive the vaccine. These regions include: Central and South America, Mexico and some Caribbean nations, Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean, Africa, the Middle East and Central and East Asia (but not Japan). People who are at risk encountering the virus through work, including those who work in child daycare or elder care centers, should be vaccinated. People who work with hepatitis A-infected primates or who work with the hepatitis A virus in research laboratories should get vaccinated. People who use intravenous drugs should get vaccinated, as should men who have sex with other men. Lastly, people with chronic liver disease or who are receiving blood-clotting medication for hemophilia or other bleeding disorders, should get vaccinated.

Continue Learning about Hepatitis B Vaccine

What should I know about the hepatitis B vaccine before receiving it?
Stacy Wiegman, PharmDStacy Wiegman, PharmD
Hepatitis A vaccine Before getting the hepatitis A vaccine, you should know some important informati...
More Answers
Who should not receive the hepatitis vaccine?
Stacy Wiegman, PharmDStacy Wiegman, PharmD
Anyone who is allergic to any ingredient in hepatitis A or B vaccine or has had a reaction to previo...
More Answers
How long does the hepatitis B vaccine last?
Stacy Wiegman, PharmDStacy Wiegman, PharmD
You can expect the hepatitis B vaccine to provide protection against infection for at least 23 years...
More Answers
How does the hepatitis A and B vaccine interact with other medications?
Stacy Wiegman, PharmDStacy Wiegman, PharmD
Hepatitis A The hepatitis A vaccine is not known to interact with any foods. The immune system may n...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.