What are the complications of a subdural hematoma?

A subdural hematoma can be very serious and can result in death or disability if not recognized and treated quickly. Possible complications include:
  • Brain herniation (severe pressure on the brain that causes coma or death)
  • Permanent brain damage
  • Persistent symptoms or seizures
If symptoms appear after a known head injury, contact a doctor right away. Early treatment of subdural hematoma can prevent problems and improve recovery. Symptoms include:
  • Headache
  • Weakness or numbness in arms, legs, or face
  • Poor balance or coordination
  • Change in behavior, emotions, or memory
  • Drowsiness, lethargy, or coma
  • Changes in vision
  • Trouble speaking, swallowing, or communicating
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Seizures

In some cases, the pressure on the brain from a subdural hematoma can be serious enough to lead to coma or even death. Other possible complications may include:

  • Seizures.
  • Long-term problems with memory and concentration.
  • Persistent dizziness, anxiety, and headache.
  • Temporary or even permanent numbness, weakness, and speech problems.

Continue Learning about Hematoma

What are the symptoms of a hematoma?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
The symptoms of a hematoma include skin discoloration, pain, and swelling. A hematoma results from a...
More Answers
What is a hematoma?
Dr. Stuart A. Linder, MDDr. Stuart A. Linder, MD
A hematoma is an accumulation of blood that collects under the skin or in an organ, generally as the...
More Answers
How is a hematoma diagnosed?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
A hematoma is diagnosed based on classic symptoms of localized skin discoloration, pain, and swellin...
More Answers
What are the treatment options for a hematoma?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
A hematoma can be treated at home by following several easy techniques. Apply a cold compress shortl...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.