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What is a myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease stem cell transplant?

Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases are characterized by abnormalities in the bone marrow and peripheral blood. Your bone marrow contains stem cells which develop into blood cells. When the stem cells in your bone marrow malfunction, you may be unable to produce adequate numbers of normal blood cells. You can actually replace your abnormal stem cells with stem cells from a healthy individual. First, the doctor helps to kill the stem cells in your bone marrow by exposing you to radiation and powerful drugs. Then, you receive an injection of healthy stem cells. If the bone marrow transplant works, the new stem cells will start to produce healthy blood cells.

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