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How does the risk for heart disease differ between men and women?

Cardiovascular disease, once considered a "man’s disease," is the number one killer of women worldwide. Actually, women are more likely than men to die of a heart attack or stroke. As a result, this has now become the biggest health problem facing women.

Low estrogen from menopause, whether natural or surgically caused, increases the risk of small vessel cardiovascular disease in women. Metabolic syndrome and smoking may have a greater impact on heart disease in women. Mental stress and depression may affect women's hearts more than men's.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.