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How common are vitamin deficiencies in children?

With the exception of vitamins D and E and calcium, dietary deficiencies of vitamins and minerals are rare among children eight and younger in the United States. For young children, the problem is the opposite -- the risk of too much intake of some nutrients from fortified foods and supplements. Multiple studies found that children under age 8 are at risk of consuming vitamin A, zinc and niacin at levels above the tolerable upper intake level. For example, one study published this year (2014) found that from food alone, including naturally occurring and fortified sources, 45% of children ages 2 to 8 consume too much zinc, 13% get too much vitamin A and 8% consume too much niacin.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.