Additionally, prunes contain a large amount of phenolic compounds (184 mg per 100 g). These compounds, mainly neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acids, act as antioxidants to "bad" LDL cholesterol and thereby may act to protect the heart against disease. An investigation of the blood of 58 postmenopausal (approximately three to five years postmenopause) women who ate approximately 12 prunes per day for three months revealed the presence of enzymes and growth factors that indicated increased bone formation in their bodies. These markers were not seen in women who did not eat prunes. Furthermore, none of the women in the study suffered any negative gastrointestinal side effects. Last, a single 100 g serving of prunes fulfills the RDA requirement for boron (2 to 3 mg). Boron is a trace mineral essential for bone metabolism and is a necessary factor in preventing osteoporosis.
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