What is the difference between migraine and tension headaches?

Two common causes of headache pain can explain and differentiate two common types of headaches, tension-type and migraine headaches.

Tension may strain muscles of the face, neck, and scalp, leading to the tight, pressing pain sensation of tension-type headaches.

Swelling and stretching of the blood vessels in the head cause vascular headache pain. A migraine headache is the principal form of vascular headaches.

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