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What are the ways the brain can be injured, resulting in a concussion?

There are three main ways that a brain can be injured:
  • Focal Injury: This is an injury located where the brain was hit, at the point of contact.
  • Linear (or Translational): Brain injury when there is no direct impact to the head. The brain sits inside the skull, unattached, and can slide back and forth. With enough force (i.e. whiplash) the brain can be injured on both the side where the impact was received and on the opposite side of where the brain is damaged resulting from a recoil or counter movement.
  • Angular (or Rotational): Concussion resulting from a sudden head twist, temporarily separating the brain stem and spinal cord. This kind of impact can sever the Corpus Callosum, which is the connection tissues between the two brain hemispheres, affect the brain stem and cerebellum.
    This is the worst type of concussion injury, associated with the most serious neurological injuries.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.