Hair Diseases (Hair Disorders)

Hair Diseases (Hair Disorders)

Hair Diseases (Hair Disorders)
Hair disorders range from alopecia, a form of hair loss, to split ends and coarse, brittle hair. Autoimmunity, stress, radiation, pregnancy, iron deficiency and certain diseases can cause alopecia. This disorder causes hair loss, including the lashes and eyebrows, and possibly lesions. Processing hair too much through heated appliances, coloring and other treatments causes split ends and hair damage. In addition to medical treatment, ingesting vitamins such as C and B, eating antioxidant foods, avoiding caffeine and drinking about six glasses of water daily promotes healthy hair.

Recently Answered

  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    To diagnose dandruff, your doctor will examine your skin and ask you questions. Dandruff usually causes flaky white or yellowish-brown scales. It can also cause redness and itching. Dandruff usually affects the scalp but can affect other parts of the body too.
  • 1 Answer
    A

    Dandruff typically results from such factors as excessive oil in the scalp, dry environment such as that which occurs in the winter with overheating, poor scalp hygiene, poor diet, and stress. Occasionally, symptomatic dermatitis may result from other diseases such as Parkinson's disease and post-stroke and -heart attack states. In these cases, the underlying medical condition does not affect dandruff, but rather it causes the dandruff. Other skin disorders such as eczema and psoriasis can occur in conjunction with dandruff and may worsen its expression.

  • 1 Answer
    A

    The presence of pubic lice can be confirmed by a visual examination, sometimes using a magnifying glass. It's also easier to see the lice if they're moving. Eggs, or nits as they're called, can also signal an infestation, although not always, since eggs may continue to cling to hair even if they're dead. A visual examination can be done by you or your doctor.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    There are several ways to treat trichomycosis nodularis (piedra), based on what type of fungus causes the infection. The best solution is usually to shave off the hair in the infected area. Infections of most types of fungi can be treated with topical antifungal medications that contain salicylic acid or formaldehyde. However, some antifungal medications cannot be used to treat both varieties of piedra. For example, black piedra can be treated with antifungals containing azole, but white piedra are resistant to it. Oral medication (such as ketoconazole or terbinafine) can also be taken if you have a negative reaction to topical treatment.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    >Most cases of trichomycosis nodularis can be successfully treated by shaving the infected area, applying topical antifungal creams, taking oral medication, or a combination of these treatments. However, trichomycosis nodularis can have complications for people with weakened immune systems. For instance, someone diagnosed with neutropenia (deficiency in white blood cells) may have a higher risk for visceral dissemination. This condition occurs when the immune system cannot correctly ward off the fungal infection located on fibers of the hair, which can then spread to internal organs. Visceral dissemination can cause damage to internal organs and other serious health complications. It can also occur in people diagnosed with AIDS and piedra, although it is rare.
  • 2 Answers
    A
    Folliculitis is a common skin condition in which hair follicles (the tiny pockets from which hair grows) become inflamed. It is usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. At first the condition may look like small red bumps or white-headed pimples around the hair follicles. It can develop into pus-filled blisters that break open and crust over, or appear as a red and swollen bump.
    See All 2 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A
    Trichomycosis nodularis can be recognized by the presence of hardened nodules on hair fibers, which are made up by clusters of fungus that have either a dark or light appearance. The more common of the two, black piedra, is mostly found on the scalp and can be characterized by gritty, black nodules that can sound vaguely metallic when brushed or disturbed. On the other hand, white piedra are typically found on softer shafts of hair, including: mustaches, pubic hair, eyelashes or eyebrows, or beards. White piedra are lighter in color and are also more loosely attached to the hair.
  • 1 Answer
    A

    Pili torti is a condition that is often present starting at birth or the first few years of life, so you will likely know as a child if you have this condition. There are some cases of acquired pili torti that may develop in later years, but these cases are rarer. In most cases, the hair will remain brittle and weak for life. Some children will experience spontaneous improvement of the condition when the reach puberty, so for this reason more children may experience severe symptoms than adults with the condition.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    Pili torti is an inherited condition and cannot usually be prevented. Most of the syndromes that create pili torti as an associated condition, like Bjornstad syndrome, are also genetic. Fortunately, this is a rare disease and the majority of people will not become affected. Massive doses of vitamin A, or retinoids, have been linked to pili torti, so avoiding those substances may be step towards prevention.
  • 1 Answer
    A

    If you think that your children may be exposed to the fungi that cause trichomycosis nodularis, it is important to know how to prevent them from getting infected. The most important for of protection is teaching them good hygiene habits. If they play in or around stagnant water, soil, or vegetation, it is important that they wash their hands afterwards. It is also important to encourage them to bathe often, even if they do not want to.