Hair & Beauty

Hair & Beauty

Hair & Beauty
Hair can suffer plenty of damage over time as a result of straightening hair, hair coloring, hair highlights and other treatments. The loss of pigment as we age also causes gray hair, and it may appear sooner than you'd expect. Dandruff and thinning hair are other common problems, along with frizzy hair and oily hair. Get answers to your questions about the latest hair treatments for hair loss, fighting frizz and treating dandruff with expert advice from Sharecare.

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    Hair is exposed to a number of potentially damaging factors on a daily basis. Environmental factors such as airborne debris and ultraviolet radiation, chemical factors such as hair products and treatments, and mechanical factors such as combing and brushing are but a few of the things that can harm your hair. One of the primary goals of regular cleansing of the hair and scalp is to be left with hair that is healthy, shiny, and manageable. A good hair conditioner can help in attaining this goal by, essentially, serving as a moisturizing agent that also acts as a protective coating to the hair shaft.

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    Hair conditioners can be divided into two general groups: oil-based and silicon-based products. Additional considerations include the actual concentration of the oil or silicon base constituent and whether the product contains a component designed to coat the hair follicle, making it thicker. The basic function of a hair conditioner is to help leave the hair healthy-looking and manageable after cleansing. Applying conditioner in excess can leave the hair looking and feeling oily, while applying too little conditioner can leave the hair looking and feeling dry. As with shampoos, finding the right conditioner for you is a bit of a trial and error process. Finding the right conditioner amounts to identifying a product that leaves your hair healthy looking, at a price that you are comfortable paying.

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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Hair relaxers contain chemicals that relax and straighten curly hair. Specifically, these chemicals break bonds, known as disulfide bonds, that link together amino acids in the hairs' keratin (proteins that make up hair). The more disulfide bonds, the curlier the hair.

    The longer the hair relaxer is left on curly hair, the straighter it will be after the treatment. It's best to have a licensed technician apply the treatment, since hair damage and skin irritation are risks. The chemicals can also be very harmful if they get in your eyes. 
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Some hair relaxers or straighteners, such as certain Brazilian blowout treatments, may pose a health hazard if they contain formaldehyde. Formaldehyde is a colorless, strong-smelling gas that can damage eyes, lungs and skin and may even raise your risk for cancer.

    To avoid this chemical, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration recommends that you avoid any product that lists any of the following substances among the ingredients: methylene glycol, formalin, methylene oxide, paraform, formic aldehyde, methanal, oxomethane, oxymethylene, or CAS Number 50-00-0.

    If your scalp is irritated, using any type of hair relaxer may worsen the irritation. Avoid using relaxers until your scalp heals.
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    Hair Curlers

    Applying a permanent wave, or "perm ", or straightening one's hair is a chemical process. The chemicals used for this sort of process can be divided into three general groups, but the majority of products are of the thioglycolate variety. The basic method of action of these chemicals consists of breaking the disulfide bonds within the hair fiber, restyling the hair while the bonds are absent, and allowing the bonds to reform after the hair has been restyled. Potential problems with using these chemical treatments include a spectrum of damage to the hair, skin irritation and allergies, and even chemical burns. Obviously, care should be taken when chemical hair treatments are being utilized.


    Hair Curlers
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    Although ladies with fine hair might kill for some of your hair volume, your strands may be hard to manage. The key here is getting the right haircut for your hair type. Investing in a great cut can make all the difference in the world.
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    To make your hair smoother and less frizzy, Amy McMichael, MD, chair of the Department of Dermatology at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C., told us: "Shampoo and conditioning products geared to hair type (thin, thick, color or chemical treated) will help. But often, this will not be enough to coat the hair for all the days between washing. To help maintain a more moisturized hair shaft, daily leave-on products can be very helpful in the maintenance of smooth hair shafts, minimizing frizz, as well as minimizing the heavy weighed-down feeling that a wash-off conditioning product will cause if left on the hair. Among other agents, products with dimethicone-coating agents work nicely to smooth the hair without leaving it greasy. However, a high concentration of dimethicone in products can cause a very oily hair shaft. (If it's high on the ingredient list, it's safe to assume there's more of it!)"
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    Don’t use a product just because the woman in the ad looks amazing or because your friend -- who might have totally different hair -- loves it. “Ask your stylist for advice and try the styling products she uses on you at the salon,” Julie Ebner, owner of JuJu Salon and Organics in Philadelphia, told us. And when you’re shopping on your own, read labels. “Make sure your shampoo and conditioner are formulated for your hair type [dry, oily, curly, processed], so that you’re not stripping it or weighing it down,” says Mark Garrison, owner of Mark Garrison Salon in New York City.

    Whether you’re blow drying, using a curling or straightening iron or spending time in the sun, you need to shield your hair from the damage that heat can do. By applying a leave-in conditioner or thermal protective spray, your hair will stay moisturized and not end up looking fried.
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Nover-Baker - limp and oily hair

    If your hair is limp and oily, there's a surprising explanation -- and it affects the kind of shampoo you need. In this video, Dr. Oz Show guest Molly Nover-Baker, beauty director of Women's Health magazine, tells you what kind of shampoo can make oily hair feel and look great.

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    Nover-Baker - dull and faded hair

    Hair that's been colored or chemically treated can become dull and faded, and can even get so damaged that it stops holding onto color. In this video, Dr. Oz Show guest Molly Nover-Baker, beauty director of Women's Health magazine, talks about the products that can restore health and shine to your hair.