What is endometritis?

Anthony L. Komaroff, MD
Internal Medicine
Endometritis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the tissue that lines the uterine cavity. This tissue is called the endometrium.

The condition is classified as acute or chronic.

Acute endometritis is often caused by a bacterial infection. It may be part of a general pelvic infection, such as pelvic inflammatory disease.

Some cases of chronic endometritis are due to infection, but the bacteria involved tend to be different from those that cause acute infection. Examples include chlamydia and, much less often, tuberculosis. Other cases are due to inflammation that results when there is a foreign body in the uterine cavity. An example would be an intrauterine device. This form of birth control causes an inflammatory reaction in the uterus. This action probably contributes to its effectiveness as a contraceptive.

Uterine growths such as polyps and fibroids that arise in the endometrium can also cause chronic endometritis.

Chronic endometritis may cause no symptoms or result in irregular uterine bleeding. Pelvic pain may occur, but pain and fever are usually more typical of acute endometritis.

Treatment of chronic endometritis depends on the cause. If there is no identified cause or if the doctor suspects infection, then antibiotics are given. If a growth or foreign body is present, removing it will usually make the symptoms go away.

Continue Learning about Gynecology

How has robotic surgery changed gynecologic procedures?
St. Petersburg General HospitalSt. Petersburg General Hospital
Robotic surgery has made female surgery easier for a woman to return to her normal activities faster...
More Answers
What effect does a hysterectomy have on sexual function?
Dr. Elizabeth A. Poynor, MDDr. Elizabeth A. Poynor, MD
A hysterectomy doesn't cause any physical changes that would change a woman's sexual functioning, an...
More Answers
How long before a Pap test should I refrain from sexual activity?
Riverside Community HospitalRiverside Community Hospital
It is a good idea to restrain from sexual activity or douching 48-72 hours before a pap smear.
More Answers
11 Things Your Gyno Wishes You Knew About IUDs
11 Things Your Gyno Wishes You Knew About IUDs11 Things Your Gyno Wishes You Knew About IUDs11 Things Your Gyno Wishes You Knew About IUDs11 Things Your Gyno Wishes You Knew About IUDs
You've heard the myths—now get the facts. It’s likely you know what intrauterine devices (aka IUDs) are, but when it comes to this long-acting, revers...
Start Slideshow

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.