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What are the types of ovarian cyst surgery?

Kevin W. Windom, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
If ovarian cysts do not resolve on their own or with medication, at times surgical intervention is needed.  The most common surgery for ovarian cysts is a laparoscopy. This is a procedure in which a small telescope is placed through the patient's bellybutton and the abdomen is insolated with Co2 gas and the entire pelvis is inspected. At this time, possibly, other instruments will be placed at the pubic hairline or in the left or right lower abdomen, and these can be used to help either drain or remove the cyst. A laparotomy is another procedure used for ovarian cysts. This is a surgery where a bikini incision is made and the entire pelvis is inspected, and the cyst is drained or removed in a surgical manner. It is my opinion that in this day and age with medical technology such as it is that it is extremely uncommon for a patient to need a laparotomy for an ovarian cyst. If your doctor is recommending a laparotomy, I would ask for a second opinion and seek another healthcare provider who might be more comfortable trying to perform the surgery in a minimally invasive or laparoscopic manner.

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