How does polycystic ovary syndrome affect the body?

Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Family Practitioner
During your menstrual cycle your ovaries produce estrogen, progesterone, and androgens to prepare for pregnancy. If your egg is not fertilized during that time the body gets rid of the uterus lining during menstruation. If you have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), however, your ovaries produce too much androgen, causing problems like an irregular period, surplus body hair, acne, and infertility. If left untreated, it can also cause insulin resistance and lead to type 2 diabetes, among other complications.

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