What is the treatment for Graves’ disease?

There are three main treatment options for Graves’ disease. Medical management consists of giving anti-thyroid medications, which block the production and release of the thyroid hormone. Surgical management consists of the surgical removal of the entire thyroid by a total thyroidectomy. Patients will then go on thyroid hormone replacement for the rest of their lives. The third treatment option is radioactive iodine ablation of the thyroid gland. The radioactive iodine treatment kills the functional thyroid cells, resulting in a hypothyroid state three to six months after the treatment.

Surgical management and radioactive iodine ablation are equally safe and effective for long term control of Graves’ disease. However, certain patients are better managed with one versus the other. Discuss both options with your doctor to find out which one is best for you.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.