How is gout treated?

Gout is caused by elevated uric acid in the blood, which leads to the deposition of crystals of uric acid in and around joints. When the immune system reacts to these crystals a great deal of pain and inflammation at sites of involvement ensues. A gout attack or flare is treated by controlling the inflammation caused by the immune response to the crystals. There are three main treatments for gout flares
  • NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen or indomethacin
  • colchicine
  • corticosteroids by mouth, intravenous or injection into the joint (such as prednisone)
Preventing gout flares and treating the underlying problem of elevated uric acid is important for patients with recurring episodes of gout. Uric-acid lowering therapy, most commonly with use of a medication called allopurinol, will decrease uric acid levels in the blood over time, thereby preventing gout attacks in the future.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.