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What is gingivitis?

Dante A. Gonzales, DMD
Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics
Gum disease, also known as gingivitis, is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque sitting on the teeth. In this video, Dante Gonzales, DMD, explains how gum disease can lead to bone loss and tooth loss if not treated.
Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. Listen as Dr. Maria Lopez Howell explains how to reduce the risk of gingivitis and, if needed, how to treat it.
Edmond R. Hewlett, DDS
Prosthodontics
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease (an infection that affects the tissues and bone that support teeth). It causes the gums to become red and swollen and to bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis can be reversed with treatment in the dental office and good oral care at home.
Gingivitis is a condition in which the gums, or gingivae, become swollen and red and prone to bleed. This inflammation signals an early stage of gum disease and is often reversible. However, if left untreated, gingivitis may lead to the more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis.

Continue Learning about Gingivitis

When should I seek immediate care if I have gingivitis?
American Dental AssociationAmerican Dental Association
In most circumstances, you should not need immediate care if you have gingivitis. Gingivitis is t...
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How common is gingivitis?
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Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and can be very common. It causes the gums to ...
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.