What are chemotherapy side effects for gestational trophoblastic tumors?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

Chemotherapy is particularly beneficial for gestational trophoblastic tumors that have spread to distant parts of the body. These drugs function by killing all actively dividing cells in the body, particularly the cells in the bone marrow, hair follicle, and lining of the intestines and mouth. The most common side effects of chemotherapy are due to the destruction of these cells. They include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mouth sores, and hair loss.

Low blood cell counts also frequently occur, including low red blood cells (causing fatigue), white blood cells (increased susceptibility to infections), and low platelets (easy bleeding and bruising). Other side effects that can occur are lung problems, inflammation of the eye, chest or abdominal pain, rashes, and irritation of the bladder, and damage to nerves. Most side effects are temporary and go away when the chemotherapy treatments are completed.

Continue Learning about Gestational Trophoblastic Tumor

When can I become pregnant after a gestational trophoblastic tumor?
Diana MeeksDiana Meeks
After you are treated for gestational trophoblastic tumor, your doctor will want to make sure that t...
More Answers
How do placental site trophoblastic tumors differ from other GTTs?
Diana MeeksDiana Meeks
Placental site trophoblastic tumors (PSTTs) differ from the other three types of gestational trophob...
More Answers
How is the most common type of gestational trophoblastic tumor classified?
Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhDDr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Hydatidiform moles, the most common type of gestational trophoblastic tumor (GTT), are classified as...
More Answers
Are gestational trophoblastic tumors serious?
Diana MeeksDiana Meeks
Gestational trophoblastic tumors are serious diseases. More than 80% are benign, and therefore do no...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.