When does gestational diabetes develop?

Tonya Bolden
Alternative & Complementary Medicine Specialist

Gestational diabetes develops only during pregnancy. Like type 2 diabetes, it occurs more often in African Americans, American Indians, Hispanic Americans, and among women with a family history of diabetes. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 20 to 50 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years.

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

Gestational diabetes usually develops during the second trimester of pregnancy. Therefore it is recommended that all pregnant women receive a glucose tolerance test between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy to screen for the condition. Women who have risk factors for gestational diabetes may have this test earlier in the pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes only appears during pregnancy in women with no previous history of type 1 or type 2 diabetes and usually goes away after pregnancy. Pregnant women are tested for gestational diabetes, usually during the 24th week of gestation. After pregnancy, 5 to 10 percent of women with gestational diabetes are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Women who develop gestational diabetes have a 20 to 50 percent risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the next 5 to 10 years.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.