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How is a stage IV germ cell tumor treated?

A stage IV germ cell tumor has spread beyond the abdominal cavity. Treatment of a stage IV dysgerminoma (most common germ cell tumor type) is similar to that for stage III disease. The doctor will likely perform surgery to remove one or both ovaries, and then you may have to undergo chemotherapy. Treatment of other stage IV germ cell tumors also involves surgery with or without chemotherapy. In the treatment of non-dysgerminomas, chemotherapy may be administered prior to or after surgery.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.